Likewise, the metadata scheme would need to facilitate the creation of virtual collections from materials distributed among libraries.
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The third purpose of the DLA, sharing information with scholars worldwide, meant that it needed a metadata scheme that would be intuitive for users new to Appalachian studies. No longer were these collections serving a small group of specialized scholars with the time, resources, and fortitude to seek out unknown archival collections. The archives now would be serving users across disciplines whose degree of familiarity with Appalachia would vary widely.
Finally, the DLA is intended to broaden opportunities for classroom instruction. In addition to adding a previously under-served patron group to the user constituency, this purpose required a metadata scheme that would allow for creation of predefined searches, packages of related information that could be selected specifically to support teaching and learning. The Digital Library of Appalachia planning committee examined an array of metadata choices.
While it was tempting to create a MARClike database variation, in the end librarians recognized that following an established standard would be more useful and cost-effective in the long term. Encoded Archival Description EAD has been widely adopted by library special collections, but it did not lend itself to the granularity desired.
Dublin Core is a simple, structured metadata element set first developed in to meet a need for improved resource discovery on the World Wide Web. While the commercial web industry did not adopt it, DC is employed in many digital library endeavors. Dublin Core prescribes fifteen basic elements for a metadata record, describing an item's content, instantiation or version, and intellectual property characteristics.
It generates relatively small records suited to many material types, and readily crosses disciplines. It is the backbone format for the Open Archives Initiative, so records created in the DC standard would be searchable by OAI harvesters, displaying elements familiar to scholars searching other archival projects.
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DC is flexible, in that it allows for every element to be optional and repeatable. It can accommodate traditional library practice in areas such as controlled vocabulary and material type designations, and also allow for new functions such as electronic grouping and sequencing of items. And now, with a base of ten years' use, librarians have developed and shared crosswalks that make it relatively easy to migrate data from Dublin Core to MARC, MODS, or other metadata schema as needed.
Once the Digital Library of Appalachia committee had decided upon Dublin Core as the metadata standard for the project, it had many more decisions to make regarding how best to implement the standard to meet the needs of its external users and internal operations. DC is chiefly intended to facilitate resource discovery and to improve retrieval of relevant information. However, project archivists were also attentive to the need for administrative metadata and wanted to accommodate a workflow that would encourage best practice in capturing data about digital conversion, acquisitions, rights, preservation, and other technical and administrative concerns as well.
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Finally, because the participants were located hundreds of miles apart with minimal budgets for travel and training, the DLA needed a set of guidelines that could assure consistent practice. The Digital Library of Appalachia was not intended as a research project in developing new digital library tools.
In choosing Dublin Core for its base metadata scheme, the DLA committee opted to work with a well-established "industry standard," a practice continued whenever possible in creating guidelines for its project. Planners recognized early on that creating good metadata takes time and money, and wanted to maximize benefit and reduce risk in asking member libraries to invest in creating that metadata. The twelve men camped for the night at the spring where the two runs fork, and they had with them a half-bushel camp pot or kettle, level full of gold coins, and they told the local people who saw them that they were getting away from the war and taking their gold so that it would not be taken from them.
The people supposed they were robbers or pirates; my guess would be the latter, for this was about the time when the American colonists got a navy strong enough to make the pirates along the Atlantic coast think about scattering. As these men stated, they divided up and carried the gold with them during the day, but being afraid to keep it with them during the night it was their custom for one of them to slip out from camp after dark and hide it away.
At this they took turn about, one hid it one night, another one the next night. On this particular night one of them shouldered up the kettle and went down Root's Run, which at that time was almost covered with timber and underbrush. I presume there was some kind of trail there at that time for it was the natural outlet for the settlers to go down to North Fork river. This man disappeared and came back in a short time, and he alone knew where he had hidden the kettle full of gold, And now the sad part of the story comes in.
Before the time to get the gold next morning this man was a corpse. Probably a row started and he got in the way of a long knife or stopped a slug from a flint-lock pistol. When the remaining eleven men went out to get the gold, they were unable to find it.
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A month's search with the help of the settlers who lived in the section failed to disclose the hiding place, and finally the travelers had to abandon the search and left for parts unknown. So far as anyone knows this gold has been hidden there for years, and is still there unless the three mysterious strangers mentioned last week who did the digging during Christmas week did really locate it with a divining rod, magic needle, or whatever dinkus is called that they locate buried treasure with.
For my part, I did not see the hole that was dug by the strangers until it was so trampled up by people that I could not tell anything about it.
Now, if this legend about the gold was really true, according to my judgment the digging was done at a very favorable place, for the trail that was there years ago was probably right where the road is today, for the reason that there is no other place for it to have been, this man, loaded down with pounds or more of gold did not leave that path very far, or he would have had to up into the rocky bars along the cliffs on either side where the old settlers for many years did most of their hunting for the gold.
About 15 years ago, or about the time of the advent of the Model T Ford in this section, I was going through the gap one evening and saw three men wandering up and down through the rocks on the opposite side of the Run. One had some sort of dinkus in his hand,"sorter" carrying on like Calvin Ruddle does when he is witching for water. The men were strangers to me and had their old Ford parked down where the school house was then.
I also saw, last summer, a party of men in the gap who were probably on the same business. So it looks like the search has been carried on at intervals all down through the years. Posted by Matthew Burns at Tuesday, October 07, Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom. Follow Appalachian Lifestyles Posts Atom. Comments Atom.
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